Last Updated on January 10, 2024

Understand the No-Fault Claim Process in New York (How It Works)

No-fault insurance, a mandatory coverage in New York, is designed to ensure that individuals involved in auto accidents receive prompt financial support for medical expenses, regardless of who caused the accident. This system aims to reduce the need for litigation, allowing for quicker compensation for injury-related expenses.

Unlike fault-based systems where the at-fault party's insurance is responsible for compensation, no-fault insurance allows for immediate coverage without the need to establish liability. This approach streamlines the process, though it also means that there are limitations on suing for additional damages.

Personal Injury Protection (PIP) Coverage 

Personal Injury Protection, a key component of no-fault insurance, covers necessary medical expenses, a portion of lost wages, and other reasonable and necessary expenses related to injuries from a car accident. This coverage is immediate and applies regardless of fault.

However, PIP has its limitations. It doesn't cover property damage or pain and suffering claims. Additionally, certain scenarios, such as accidents involving intoxication or the commission of a felony, may void PIP coverage.

Eligibility and Coverage for New York's No-Fault Insurance

No-Fault Insurance in New York is designed to cover a broad range of individuals, but there are specific criteria to meet for eligibility:

  1. The accident must occur in New York.
  2. The involved vehicle must be registered in New York.
  3. The claimant must be the driver or passenger of the insured vehicle, or a pedestrian or cyclist struck by or in contact with the vehicle.

Coverage Limits and Exclusions of No-Fault Insurance 

  • No-Fault (Personal Injury Protection) Coverage: This is designed to pay for medical expenses, lost earnings, and other reasonable and necessary expenses for a driver or passenger injured in, or a pedestrian injured by, your car. The basic No-Fault coverage is up to $50,000 per person.
  • Motorcyclists Exclusion: Specifically, motorcyclists are excluded from No-Fault benefits, aligning with the high-risk nature of motorcycle accidents. This exclusion is significant as it underscores the need for motorcyclists to seek alternative or additional insurance coverage. The Comprehensive Motor Vehicle Insurance Reparations Act ensures prompt payment for health-related expenses and wage loss due to auto accidents.
  • Drivers under Influence: Those driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs at the time of the accident are also excluded from receiving No-Fault benefits.
  • Liability Insurance: This coverage protects against claims made by third parties for injuries or property damage caused by your car. The minimum limits for bodily injury liability are $25,000 per person and $50,000 per accident, and for property damage, it's $10,000 per accident.
  • Uninsured Motorists Coverage: This is mandatory and protects against injuries due to accidents with uninsured vehicles or hit-and-run motorists. It covers bodily injuries and is applicable only in New York State.

Initial Steps in Filing a No-Fault Claim in New York

It's crucial to file a No-Fault claim within 30 days from the date of the accident. Failing to meet this deadline can result in the denial of your claim. Gather all necessary documentation, including accident reports, medical records, and proof of lost wages. Accurate and thorough documentation is key to a successful claim.

Navigating the Claims Process

  1. Dealing with Insurance Adjusters: When you file a claim, you'll likely interact with an insurance adjuster. It's important to provide clear and factual information. 
  2. Challenges in Claim Approval and Arbitration Options: Sometimes, claims are disputed or denied. If you face challenges in getting your claim approved, you have the option to seek arbitration. Arbitration can be a faster and less expensive alternative to litigation for resolving disputes with your insurance provider.

Challenges and Disputes in the Claims Process

  • Late Filings and Insufficient Documentation: One of the most common issues is missing the 30-day deadline for filing claims. Additionally, providing incomplete or insufficient documentation can lead to delays or denials in claim processing.
  • Disputes Over Medical Necessity and Fraud Accusations: Disputes often arise regarding the medical necessity of treatments. Insurance companies may also raise fraud accusations, complicating the claim process further.

The Serious Injury Threshold (Beyond PIP)

The Serious Injury Threshold in New York's no-fault insurance system is a critical aspect for those seeking compensation beyond basic Personal Injury Protection (PIP). The threshold allows individuals to pursue additional compensation if the injury meets specific criteria outlined in Insurance Law § 5102(d). These include:

  • Death
  • Dismemberment
  • Significant disfigurement
  • Fracture
  • Loss of a fetus
  • Permanent loss of use of a body organ, member, function, or system
  • Permanent consequential limitation of a body organ or member
  • Significant limitation of use of a body function or system
  • An injury or impairment, confirmed medically, that significantly restricts the injured person from performing most of their normal daily activities for at least 90 days within the first 180 days after the injury.

Role of Attorneys in Maximizing Compensation

Attorneys can help ensure that all necessary documentation is complete and submitted on time, and argue for the medical necessity of treatments.

In cases of claim denials or complex scenarios, legal representation becomes even more crucial. Lawyers experienced in No-Fault claims can navigate through disputes, negotiate with insurance companies, and, if necessary, represent your interests in court.

If you’re facing challenges with New York's No-Fault claim process, the Porter Law Group is here to help. Our experienced team provides comprehensive guidance without upfront fees, working on a contingency basis to secure your rightful compensation. Ensure your rights are protected; reach out to us at 833-PORTER9 or send us an email at for a free consultation. We are committed to advocating on your behalf throughout the process.

Written By
Eric C. Nordby
Personal Injury Attorney
Eric, with nearly three decades of experience in personal injury litigation, holds a law degree with honors from the University at Buffalo School of Law and a Bachelor's Degree from Cornell University. His extensive career encompasses diverse state and federal cases, resulting in substantial client recoveries, and he actively engages in legal associations while frequently lecturing on legal topics.
Legally Reviewed on December 10, 2023
Michael S. Porter
Personal Injury Attorney
Originally from Upstate New York, Mike built a distinguished legal career after graduating from Harvard University and earning his juris doctor degree from Syracuse University College of Law. He served as a Captain in the United States Army Judge Advocate General’s Corps, gaining expertise in trial work, and is now a respected trial attorney known for securing multiple million-dollar results for his clients while actively participating in legal organizations across Upstate NY.
This Article Was Professionally Reviewed
This page was Legally Reviewed by Michael S. Porter on December 10, 2023. Our experts verify everything you read to make sure it's up to date. For information on our content creation and review process read our editorial guidelines. If you notice an error or have any questions about our content please contact us.
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